California Sun

Good morning. It's Friday, Jan. 18.

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Scientists warn of a monarch butterfly "extinction vortex."
Drought-depleted lakes get a crucial helping of water.
And a look back at when California banned homework.

Statewide

1

Cachuma Lake, seen last spring, is a principal source of drinking water on the Central Coast.

George Rose/Getty Images

California's stormy weather finally began to move out after dumping much-needed precipitation across the state. Lake Elsinore, Southern California’s largest natural freshwater lake, got a crucial helping of water. So did the Central Coast's drought-depleted Cachuma Lake, which rose by more than two feet. And the Sierra snowpack surged to 103 percent of normal — up from 69 percent on Jan. 1.

  
2

Monarch butterflies in Pismo Beach last month.

"We're now down below 1 percent of the historic population." Scientists knew things were bad for the monarch butterfly population in California, but then there was a population drop of an unexpected order of magnitude. They are warning now of an "extinction vortex," when there are not enough butterflies left to recover.

  
3

In a show of defiance, Gov. Gavin Newsom encouraged TSA workers to apply for unemployment insurance through the state, even though the Trump administration said they were ineligible. "The good news is, we're going to do it and shame on them," Newsom said. "They are, in essence, threatening us for doing what we're doing."

  
4

Before she was a senator, Kamala Harris was California's attorney general and San Francisco’s district attorney.

Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images

A California law professor challenged Sen. Kamala Harris's credentials as a "progressive prosecutor" in the opinion section of the N.Y. Times. "Most troubling," she wrote, "Ms. Harris fought tooth and nail to uphold wrongful convictions that had been secured through official misconduct that included evidence tampering, false testimony and the suppression of crucial information by prosecutors."

  
5

In one of his biggest applause lines at a recent farming convention, President Trump promised to make it easier for migrants to cross the border and work the fields. "Because you need these people," he said. Now California legislators in Congress have unveiled an agricultural guestworker program that could do just that.

  
6

To win acceptance from the gorillas, Dian Fossey mimicked their behavior.

Naturalist Dian Fossey was born in San Francisco on this week in 1932. She studied at the College of Marin and San Jose State University before setting off to study mountain gorillas in the jungles of Central Africa, where she lived for two decades.

Fossey achieved almost saintlike status through her crusade to protect the rare species from poachers, a story popularized in the 1988 movie based on her autobiography "Gorillas in the Mist." But she never saw the film. Fossey was found dead in her cabin in 1985, her body hacked by machetes. The killing has remained an enigma, often attributed to vengeful poachers.

In interviews, Fossey acknowledged that she preferred the company of gorillas to that of humans. "I have no friends," she once said. "The more you learn about the dignity of the gorilla, the more you want to avoid people."

  

Northern California

7

A Fresno County farmworker was awarded $1 million after accusing his former employer's lawyer of reporting him to immigration agents in retaliation for a wage complaint. A court said the lawyer showed a "pattern and practice" of contacting I.C.E. about workers who asserted their rights. Legal experts say cases of so-called immigration retaliation have been on the rise in California.

  
8

PG&E headquarters in San Francisco.

Justin Sullivan/Getty Images

PG&E, which is so cash-starved it won't commit to paying settlements with victims of a 2015 wildfire, owns a massive headquarters in downtown San Francisco with an estimated value of $1 billion. Gov. Gavin Newsom said all options were on the table for addressing the PG&E crisis, including the sale of its assets.

  
9

Louis C.K. made his first West Coast appearance since his career was derailed in the wake of sexual misconduct claims. Protesters shouting "Shame!" gathered outside the club in San Jose, where the embattled comic delivered a performance that pulled no punches. His opening line: "I like to jerk off, and I don't like being alone.”

  
10

Timothy Leary led the crowd in song at the Human Be-in on Jan. 14, 1967.

A.P.

It was this week in 1967 that San Francisco's Golden Gate Park hosted the Human Be-in, billed as a coming together of the various wings of the counterculture movement.

Massive amounts of LSD were distributed among the crowd of at least 15,000 beatniks and hippies. Jefferson Airplane and The Grateful Dead played. And a who's who of counterculture luminaries spoke, including the Harvard psychologist-turned-high-priest of psychedelics Timothy Leary, who uttered: "Turn on, tune in, drop out."

Half a century later, the Human Be-in is recalled as a prelude to the Summer of Love months later and a catalyst in many ways to the 1960s as we know it.

  

Southern California

11

Rep. Kevin McCarthy, of Bakersfield, faced his first big test as the leader of Republicans in the House.

Win McNamee/Getty Images

Rep. Steve King thought he'd be scolded by House Minority Leader Kevin McCarthy for questioning why white supremacy is considered offensive. Instead, McCarthy — whom King has privately knocked as soft — essentially ended the Iowa Republican's career in congressional politics. "Past leaders did not act," McCarthy said. "I just felt, I don't care if it hurts me or not — I've got to just do the right thing."

  
12

Desert bighorn sheep in the Mojave Trails National Monument.

David McNew/Getty Images

"There's obviously something going on here." Icons of the American West, desert bighorn sheep are dying and experts aren't sure why. Wildlife biologists investigating a herd around San Gorgonio mountain said its numbers were down to as little as a third of normal.

  
13

DiMarzio Kato Architecture, via Curbed

A China-based developer is planning a tower in Los Angeles that would be America's tallest building west of the Mississippi River. At 1,107 feet, the building would rise just a bit higher than the current crown holder, also in Los Angeles, the 1,100-foot-tall Wilshire Grand. The height is no accident. "Who doesn’t want bragging rights?" the building's architect said.

  
14

Some people carry a rabbit's foot or toss a coin into a fountain. In a remote corner of Death Valley, a strange metallic oasis clatters in the wind as part of a more obscure luck tradition. The origins of Teakettle Junction are murky. But at some point, visitors began leaving cookware on a signpost inscribed with messages for good luck.

  

Today I learned

15

A student in Los Angeles worked on a math problem with his dad in 1958.

Los Angeles Public Library

In 1901, California passed a statewide prohibition of homework for children under the age of 15.

Proponents of the legislation argued that homework was turning children into nervous wrecks. "When are parents going to open their eyes to this fearful evil?" wrote the editor of Ladies' Home Journal. "Are they as blind as bats, that they do not see what is being wrought by this crowning folly of night study?"

The law fell off the books a couple decades later. By the end of the century, thanks in part to fears about mediocrity in American schools, an overwhelming consensus was formed in favor of homework.

Even so, in recent years the old controversy has roared back to life as teenagers, particularly in competitve schools, contend with homework burdens of up to 15 hours a week. In 2014, the California PTA passed a statewide resolution urging schools to lessen the burden.

A recent study found that homework was now the biggest stressor for high schoolers — more so than bullying or low self-esteem.

"That's probably the number one thing that kids talk about is the stress and anxiety that comes with too much homework," a La Jolla psychologist told NBC Los Angeles.

  

In case you missed it

16

A mugshot from "Prisoners."

Here are five blurbs that got big views over the past week:

An artist discovered a box of negatives containing hundreds of mugshots captured in a small Central Valley town in the early 1900s. He developed the images for a project of "a shocking beauty." Flashbak | Arnesvenson.com
Downtown Los Angeles was once home to some California's finest Victorian mansions and hotels. A filmmaker recreated a drive through the area that was captured in the 1940s, then made a fascinating split-screen. New Yorker | YouTube
During the Great Depression, San Francisco commissioned a giant wooden model of the city. Now, after a nearly 80-year absence, the work has been restored for display. (See a super high-resolution image of the model.) S.F. Chronicle
Todd Marinovich became a USC starter, a Raiders first-round pick — and then a drug addict. Sports Illustrated published a riveting account of the ocean of lies that engulfed Todd's relationship with his hard-driving father. Sports Illustrated
In 1938, the Los Angeles River was paved over to mitigate disastrous floods. What was it like before? A photographer studied archival images of the river, then shot new ones in the same locations to create side-by-side comparisons. Curbed Los Angeles
  

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The California Sun is written by Mike McPhate, a former California correspondent for the New York Times.

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